It was narrated from Mu’adh bin ‘Abdullah bin Khubaib that his father said:
“I was with the Messenger of Allah [SAW] on the road to Makkah when I found myself alone with the Messenger of Allah [SAW]. I drew close to him and he said: ‘Say.’ I said: ‘What should I say?’ He said: ‘Say.’ I said: ‘What should I say?’ He said: ‘Say: I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord of the daybreak…’ until he finished (the Surah), then he said: ‘Say: I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord of mankind…’ until he finished it. Then he said: ‘The people cannot seek refuge with Allah by means of anything better than these two.’”
Reference:Sunan an- Nasa’i 5428, In- book reference :Book 50, Hadith 1
English translation:Vol. 6, Book 50, Hadith 5430
These two Surahs ,also known as the Al-Mu’awwidhatan, mentioned in the above Hadith are the last two Surahs of the Holy Quran, namely, Surah Al-Falaq,the second last Surah(No.113),and Surah an-Naas,the last Surah(No.114).
Bismilla hir rawh’’maa nir rawh’éem
In the name of Allaah, The All-Compassionate, The All-Merciful
Importance of beginning any activity in the name of Allaah
One of the many practices taught by Islam is that its followers should begin their activities in the name of Allaah. This principle, if consciously and earnestly followed, will necessarily yield three beneficial results.
First- one will be able to restrain oneself from many misdeed, since the habit of pronouncing the name of Allaah is bound to make one wonder when about to commit some offence how such an act can be reconciled with the saying of Allaah’s holy name.
Second- if a man pronounces the name of Allaah before starting good and legitimate tasks, this act will ensue that both his starting point and his mental orientation are sound.
Third – and this is the most important benefit – when a man begins something by pronouncing Allaah’s name, he will enjoy Allaah’’s support and succor; Allaah will bless his efforts and protect him from the machinations and temptation of Shaiytaan. For whenever man turns to Allaah, Allaah turns to him as well.
Reference: Towards Understanding the Qur’an, vol.1-by Sayyid Abul A’la Maududi. Tr. by Zafar Ishaque Ansari
The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: “The learned are heirs of the prophets, and the prophets do not leave any inheritance in the form of (monetary wealth), but they do leave knowledge as their legacy. A person, who acquires knowledge, acquires his full share (of this legacy).” Reference: Riyadh-us-Salaheen: 1388
Allaah’s Messenger (Saws) said: Whoever says the following Z’ikr-E- Allaah
(100 times a day) he will have his sins forgiven even if they are like the foam of the sea.
Subb-h’aanal Laawhi wa bih’úmdih (Bukhaari)
Glorified is Allaah and praised is He.
Rawbbana laa tu-aa-khiz’naa in naseena av akh-taw’’-naa(2:286)
Our Lord! Condemn us not if we forget or fall into error.
Allaah, the Exalted invites His servants to know Him in two ways:
The first one is: by observing His creation and pondering on His signs in the universe.This can be illustrated in the following Qur’anic verses:
1- “Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, and the ships which sail through the sea with that which is of use to mankind, and the water (rain) which Allaah sends down from the sky and makes the earth alive therewith after its death, and the moving (living) creatures of all kinds that He has scattered therein, and in the veering of winds and clouds which are held between the sky and the earth, are indeed Ayaat (proofs, evidences, signs, etc.) for people of understanding.” (Al-Baqarah, 2:164)
2-“Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, there are indeed signs for men of understanding.” (Al-‘lmran, 3:190)
There are many other verses having the same meaning.
The second one is: by reflecting on His Qur’anic Verses and the comprehension of His Verses of the Qu’ran.
This can be illustrated by the following Qur’anic verses:
1-“Do they not then consider the Qur’an carefully?” (An-Nisa’, 4:83).
2- “Have they not pondered over the Word (of Allaah, i.e. what is sent down to the Prophet).” (Al-Mu’minun, 23:68)
3- “(This is) a Book (the Qur’an) which We have sent down to you, full of blessings that they may ponder over its Verses, and that men of understanding may remember.” (Sad, 38:29)
There are many other Qur’anic verses that have the same meanings.
Reference-AL-FAWA’ID (A COLLECTION OF WISE SAYINGS) by-Imam Ibn Al-Qayyim
The first month of the H’ijri calendar. .Allaah’s sacred month of Muh’arram is a blessed and important month. It is one of the four months during which it is forbidden to wage war or fight.
SUPPLICATION FOR THIS MONTH
Read the following supplication as many times as possible during this month.
Bismillaa hir Rawh’maa nir Rawh’eem. Laa h’aula walaa quwwata illaa bil-laahil a’leey-yil a’z’eem.
(In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. There is no might and no power except by Allaah’s leave, the Exalted, the Mighty.)
NAFL SALAAT FOR THE EVE OF A’ASHURAH (10thOf Muh’arram)
On the eve of A’ashurah offer 4 rakaats Nafl Salaat as follows: In every rakaat after Surah Faatih’ah recite “Aayatul Kursee” once and Surah Ikhlaas 3 times. After completing this Namaz recite Surah Ikhlaas 100 times. Allaah Taa’alaa will purify such a person of all their sins and grant them endless bounties and blessings in paradise.
THE TENTH OF MUH’ARRAM (A’ASHURAH)
The tenth day of Muh’arram (A’ashurah) has many distinctive qualities and features. Allaah Taa’alaa created the heavens and the earth on this blessed day. On this day He gave His infinite blessings and bounties to many of His Prophets (A’laiyhis-Salaam) and delivered them from the clutches of their enemies.
Allaah Taa’alaa created H’azrat Aadam (A’laiyhis-Salaam) in this month, pardoned him of his mistake, and H’azrat Nooh’s (A’laiyhis-Salaam) Ark landed successfully on Mount Judi, and he saved H’azrat Ibrahim (A’laiyhis-Salaam) from fire and rescued H’azrat Moosaa (A’laiyhis-Salaam) from(Fir-a’un) Pharaoh.
According to H’adees’ one should:
1. Fast on the 9th and 10th or 10th and 11th of Muh’arram.
The Holy Prophet (Saws) has exhorted and encouraged his Ummah to fast on this day. Abu Qataadah (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (Saws) was asked regarding the fast of the day of A’ashurah (10th of Muh’arram). The Holy Prophet (Saws) replied: “It is a compensation for the (minor) sins of the past year”. (Muslim)
One should also observe the fast of the 9th Muh’arram to safeguard his deed from resemblance with the non-believers who only fast on the 10th Muh’arram.
The Holy Prophet (Saws) said: “Observe the fast of A’ashurah and oppose the Jews. Fast a day before it or a day after.” (Baiyhaqee). Hence, it is important to fast either on the ninth and tenth of Muh’arram or the tenth and eleventh
2. Spend (in the way of food and drink) on one’s family on the day of A’ashurah (10th Of Muh’arram)
One should be generous on one’s family and dependents and spend more on them than what is normally spent. Abu H’uraiyrah reports that the Prophet (Saws) said: “One who generously spends on his family on the day of A’ashurah, Allaah will increase (his provision) for the whole year “. (Baiyhaqee). H’azrat Abdullah bin Masood (Radi Allaah Ta-a’alaa A’nhu), a Companion of the Holy Prophet Muh’ammad (Saws) reports the following saying of the Messenger of Allaah (Saws), “Whosoever prepares ample food and drink for his family on this sacred day and delights in feeding them generously, Allaah Taa’alaa will increase His provisions for that year and place much blessings and good therein.”
Hazrat Imaam Zainul Abidain (Radi Allaah Ta-a’alaa A’nhu) reports that whoever recites this dua’a ( Dua’a-e- A’ashurah) on the tenth of Muh’arram, any time after sunrise and before sunset,
Ibrahim ibn Adham (إبراهيم بن أدهم); c. 718 – c. 782 / AH c. 100– c. 165) is one of the most prominent of the early Sufi Saints.
Ibrahim ibn Adham (RA) was once asked, “Why are our supplications to Allaah (SWT) not answered?”He answered, “Because your hearts have died due to ten things.”
1- You know Allaah (SWT) but do not obey Him.
2- You know the Prophet, (Saws), but do not follow his Sunnah (tradition).
3- You recite the Qur-aan but do not act upon it.
4- You enjoy the Blessings of Allaah (SWT) without giving thanks.
5- You know of Paradise but do not exert any effort to enter it.
6- You know of Hell but you do not exert any effort to escape it.
7- You know of Satan but do not oppose him.